Friday 18 August 2023

Navigating Liberty-Oriented Issues in Nigeria

Photo by Renato on Pexels

by Samuel Jeremiah Sunday 

Liberty is the state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions. It plays a crucial role in ensuring a prosperous and thriving nation. Nigeria, a country known for its rich cultural diversity and vibrant democracy, has several liberty-oriented issues. We highlight some of these challenges and explore potential solutions for fostering a more liberty-oriented society in Nigeria.

Freedom of Speech and Press

Freedom of speech and press are pillars of any liberal democratic society. However, in Nigeria, these liberties face significant challenges. Journalists and media organizations often encounter various forms of intimidation, harassment and censorship, undermining their ability to provide unbiased information to the public. This creates a climate of fear and self-censorship, limiting freedom of speech and press. During the End SARS protest where countless lives were lost while protesting police brutality, we could see the fear and censorship in many media organizations. 

To address this, the Nigerian government should actively promote and protect freedom of speech and press by enacting legislation that guarantees their independence. Harsh laws and regulations that stifle free expression should be reformed or repealed. Additionally, public awareness campaigns can be conducted to educate citizens about the vital role of media in a democratic society, encouraging them to demand their right to information.

Corruption and Rule of Law

Corruption remains a significant obstacle to liberty in Nigeria. The lack of effective rule of law allows corrupt practices to flourish, undermining the principles of fairness and justice. Corrupt practices not only impact economic development but also erode public trust in institutions and undermine the social fabric of the country.

One solution to combat corruption is to strengthen the rule of law through institutional reforms. Strengthening anti-corruption agencies and empowering them with the necessary resources and independence is crucial. Additionally improving transparency and accountability in government processes can help create a culture of integrity and reduce opportunities for corruption. Implementing electronic platforms for government transactions and procurement can promote transparency and reduce the scope for bribery and embezzlement.

Economic Freedom and Entrepreneurship

Economic freedom is a crucial aspect of liberty as it enables individuals to pursue their economic goals, create wealth and access better opportunities. However, Nigeria faces various challenges in this regard. A complex regulatory environment, excessive bureaucracy and limited access to finance hinder entrepreneurial activities and hamper economic growth.

To promote economic freedom, Nigeria needs to simplify regulations, cut red tape and create an enabling environment for businesses to thrive. Streamlining government procedures, reducing licensing requirements and improving access to credit can encourage entrepreneurship and investment. Moreover investing in infrastructure development and providing quality education and skills training will empower individuals fostering a culture of innovation and economic independence.

Religious Tolerance Cultural Freedom

Nigeria's multicultural society is characterized by diverse religious beliefs. However conflicts and tensions sometimes arise, leading to infringements on religious and cultural freedom. Instances of religious and cultural discrimination, ideologically motivated violence and the imposition of one’s beliefs on others undermine the principles of liberty and inclusivity.

To promote religious tolerance and cultural freedom, the government must ensure equal protection and rights for all citizens regardless of their beliefs. Implementing and enforcing laws that prohibit discrimination on the basis of religion is essential. Encouraging interfaith dialogue, promoting religious and cultural education that emphasizes tolerance and creating platforms for peaceful coexistence can contribute to a more harmonious society.

Individual Rights and Security

Ensuring the protection of individual rights while maintaining public security is a delicate balance. Nigeria faces security challenges such as terrorism, banditry and social unrest which often result in the violation of individual rights. Arbitrary arrests, extrajudicial killings and the infringement of privacy rights undermine the basic tenets of liberty.

To address these issues, law enforcement agencies should be adequately trained and equipped to handle security threats in a manner that respects human rights. Legal frameworks should be established to curtail abuse of power by security forces and independent oversight bodies should be strengthened. Additionally investing in intelligence gathering community policing and conflict resolution mechanisms can help mitigate security challenges while preserving individual rights.


Nigeria, as the most populous country in Africa, has the potential to become a beacon of liberty and prosperity. By addressing the liberty-oriented issues discussed above, Nigeria can forge a path towards a more free and prosperous society. Upholding freedom of speech, press, combating corruption, promoting economic freedom, fostering religious and cultural tolerance, and safeguarding individual rights are crucial steps towards building a more liberty-oriented Nigeria. It is only by confronting these challenges head-on and implementing effective solutions that Nigeria can unlock its true potential and pave the way for a brighter future.

This is a Nigeria we aspire for at Shades of Us.

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